Piṇḍācāra Alms Round Day 行腳托缽日
日期 Date : 每週六 Every Saturday
時間 Time : 6.45am 出發 depart ～ 7.20am 返回 return
地點 Venue : Triple 3 Food Court - Ling Loong Coffee Shop TT3, Tabuan Tranquility, Jalan Canna, Kuching, Sarawak.
• 未煮熟的食物如米糧、乾麵條等可送到 BPS 覺華學處去，但請勿放入出家人的缽中；您也可將這些食品交予出家人身邊的淨人 (巴利文Kappiya)，他們會把您的供養品送到 BPS 覺華學處。
• 出家眾在託缽時，用心專注，並保持 ‘聖沉靜’。若有任何疑問要請教出家眾，可留待出家人到 BPS 覺華學處 後再行發問。
IMPORTANT TO KNOW:
• When the monks are seen to be approaching, the person should kneel (or stand due to physically inconvenience), remove their footwear and hold the food above their head in an offering position and reflect on the meaning of the action about to take place. Place the foods directly into the monk's bowl without touching the monk. This is usually done in "noble silence," as going on alms round is a solemn practice for monks, and they do not engage in talking or chatting with others.
• Maintain a respectful distance and to place the food carefully and gently in the center of the bowl without touching or interfering with it in any way.
• You may offer any type of cooked food such as plain rice, vegetable dishes, meat dishes, cakes, or ripened fruits. Kindly wrap the food with suitable or reusable wrapping material, or place it in a clean container.
• Uncooked food such as packets of rice or dry noodles etc can be offered to the monastery but should not be placed into the monk’s bowl; it should be handed over to the monks’ attendant(s) known as kappiya in, instead.
• Monks do not accept uncooked meat, raw eggs or fish.
• Buddha forbid the monks to eat these ten kinds of meats which are: human flesh, dog, horse, elephant, leopard, tiger, lion, bear, hyena and snake.
• Requisites such as robes and medicine can be offered when the monks are at BPS 覺華學處.
• Give only what is appropriate, and do so voluntarily.
• Theravada monks only consume food between the break of dawn and noon. Therefore, they do not go about collecting alms after 12pm.
• Monks do not accept money. You may make a donation to Buddhist centres instead. Beware of ‘bogus monks’ going around offering amulets and trinkets for sale. Do not be fooled into buying from them, or into giving them money.
• During Pindacāra, the monks mindfully observe ‘noble silence’. Questions can be put to the bhikkhus later at BPS 覺華學處
LEARN ABOUT PIṆḌĀCĀRA 認識行腳托缽的意義
托缽（Pindacāra）意為化緣乞食，為南傳僧人的一種修行方式。佛教男眾僧人稱作 「比庫」（巴利文 Bhikkhu之諧音）或是「比丘」（梵文 Bhiksu之諧音）——意思是 「修道乞士，依靠他人佈施和供養的修行者」。在泰國，緬甸等佛教國家，托缽是僧眾的日常活動。他們會到某個村落，沿家逐戶地化緣，讓信眾們佈施食物。 藉著托缽，出家人無須為飲食擔憂，並讓他們有充分的時間來思考和實踐佛陀的教誨。
因此，佛陀鼓勵在家眾實踐四事供養（即是袈裟、食物 、住所或臥具以及藥物 ）予出家眾；出家眾則以佛法來引導信眾。兩者之間因而建立著互相尊重及互惠的密切關係。
SĀDHU SĀDHU SĀDHU！ 善哉 善哉 善哉！
Pindacāra, the practice of collecting alms-food, is observed by Theravada Buddhist monks who have gone forth from ‘home-life’ to ‘homelessness’. A Buddhist (male) monk is known in Pāli Language as a ‘bhikkhu’ – meaning ‘one who lives on alms’.
In Buddhist countries such as Thailand and Myanmar, it is a daily ritual for monks to go on Pindacāra, where they walk through a village from one household to another, allowing devotees to make food offerings. According to the teachings of the Buddha, there are two main purposes in going on alms round. The first concerns the monk, who in going is reminding himself to be humble; the other concerns the person offering alms, who in so doing is practicing generosity.
With Pindacāra, Buddhist monks need not worry about food and this afford them time to ponder and practise the Dhamma. Since the time of the Buddha, lay people have been supporting monks this way with robes, food, shelter and medicine. In return, monks provide guidance to the laity on Buddhist teachings, thus forging a close, respectful, and symbiotic relationship between the two communities.
The monk’s alms-bowl is only used to receive cooked food offered by willing donors. The monk strictly does not accept money with his bowl or on his alms-round.
Offering alms-food to monks allow lay people to acquire merits as a result of their kind intentions and actions. Doing good deeds daily is a way of self-cultivation and to live a noble way of life. The proper way for the laity to offer alms is to perform it joyfully, mindfully, and respectfully towards the monk(s).
In Samyutta Nikaya, the Udaya Sutta in the Brahmana Samyutta collection, in it, we are told that the Buddha went to the house of a brahmin named Udaya on his early morning alms-round. The brahmin was happy to see him and put food in the Buddha’s bowl. On the second occasion, Udaya repeated his offering. On the third time, he was annoyed when he saw the Buddha and commented, “This pesky ascetic Gotama keeps coming again and again.”
The Buddha replied with the following verse:
“Again and again they sow the seed. Again and again the sky god sends down rain.
Again and again the ploughmen plough the fields.
Again and again rain comes to the kingdom. Again and again the mendicants beg.
Again and again the donors give. When donors have given again and again.
Again and again they go to heaven. Again and again the dairy folk draw milk.
Again and again the calf goes to the mother. Again and again one wearies and trembles.
Again and again the dolt enters the womb. Again and again one is born and dies.
Again and again they take one to the cemetery.
When one has obtained the Path, that leads to no more renewed existence.
Having become broad in wisdom, one is not born again and again!”
When the brahmin heard this he was pleased and took refuge in the Buddha, Dhamma and Sangha for life.
Monks do not only give you a chance to gain merits. A monk who is properly trained and who understands and practises the Vinaya rules is a good field of merits, as opposed to one who is an impostor and exploits you for his own selfish ends. A monk depends on his supporters for his sustenance. His basic responsibility is to perfect his sila so that his supporters receive great merits.
On top of this, when he purifies his mind through meditation, his field of merits is better. Then when he studies and gains knowledge, he can help devotees to put Buddhist principles into practice as well as teach them meditation. There are many temples around as well as monks to perform rites and rituals. Buddhists should not rest content on just rites and rituals but should learn more about Dhamma to improve their lives.
SĀDHU SĀDHU SĀDHU！ Excellence Excellence Excellence！
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