Baisakhi or Vaisakhi is a joyous festival of the Sikh community that is synonymous with high spirited Bhangra moves, roaring Dhol beats, saporous cuisines and a vibrant atmosphere that leaves everyone singing and dancing to the tunes of goodwill. Celebrated on 13th or 14th of April, it marks the beginning of a new year for the Sikhs and signals the arrival of the harvesting of the rabi (winter) crops for the farming community of the Northern states. Baisakhi also is significant for the Sikhs, as on this day in 1699, the tenth Guru Gobind Singh, forged the Khalsa Pant, a community of baptised Sikhs who follow the way of life laid down by Guru Gobind Singh. Festivities include processions, spiritual sermons and ‘langars’ held at the Gurudwaras, reverberating Dhols and eyeballs catching Bhangra display are the order of the day.

Significance of Baisakhi

For Farmers

As Baisakhi is celebrated in the middle of April, it is symbolic of the harvesting time of the winter crops for the farmers where they relish the fruits of their hardwork and pray to have a bountiful crop production as Baisakhi also marks the beginning of the spring crop season.

For Sikhs

Baisakhi commemorates the formulation of the Khalsa Panth which means the pure or holy way of the Guru and it was established by the tenth Guru Gobind Singh in 1699. Also, it earmarks the beginning of the Sikh calendar.

For Hindus

On the day of Baisakhi in 1875, Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj which is fraction of Hindus who are dedicated to following Vedic principles and rituals.

For Buddhists

It is believed that on this day, Gautam Buddha attained Nirvana by meditating under the Maha Bodhi tree in Gaya.

Baisakhi Celebrations

Baisakhi celebrations begin on a spiritual note by people bathing in ponds or rivers and going to the Gurudwaras to seek the blessings of the Almighty. ‘Langars’ or the community feasts are arranged in the Gurudwaras for promoting feelings of charity and brotherhood. Baisakhi processions are carried out in the streets with Panj Piaras as the head of the processions which are welcomed by the men and women. Processions are marked by playing drums, religious songs and music and people swinging swords and daggers in a vibrant atmosphere. Men and women perform Bhangra and Giddha, singing and merry making in order to welcome the day with zestful celebrations. Men dress up in traditional attires – kurta, lungi, pagri while the womenfolk in salwarkameez, lehenga and embellish themselves with loads of jewellery.

The entire atmosphere is roaring with the cries of “Jattaaayi Baisakhi” and the dancers perform scenes of everyday farming through kinetic movements of the body to the accompaniment of ballads. The famous Punjabi cuisines are relished by people with friends, family and relatives reciprocating heartfelt wishes.

Baisakhi fairs with shopping, gaming and eating stalls are also held at various places in Punjab which further adds on the zestful elements to the festivities and is a delight to the eyes.

Best places in India to witness the biggest Baisakhi celebrations

Golden Temple, Amritsar, Punjab

Golden Temple in Amritsar is the most revered place by the Sikhs and people belonging to other communities and they flock to this place known as The Abode of God. They bathe in the sarovars and offer their sermons to seek blessings of God. Serving in the Langars and doing selfless services are the other things that the devotees indulge into.

When it comes to Baisakhi, there is no better place than Punjab which is an epicentre of a sparkling, electrifying and a vivacious setting. People dance on the throbbing beats of Dhols and play Bhangra in the most colourful outfits.


Haryana is a place that boasts of similar celebrations with people dancing, feasting, worshipping and spreading harmony. Also farmers thank God for an abundant produce and wish for a bountiful spring season coming ahead. Spectacular and colourful Baisakhi fairs are icing on the cake.


As Delhi is inhabited by a large number of Sikhs, Punjabis and Harayanavi, Baisakhi is celebrated in full vigour and liveliness. Delhi echoes with Baisakhi parties where traditional Punjabi cuisines make their appearance. Gurudwaras are lined up with devotees. Crackers are lit to rejoice the occasion of Baisakhi. At various places in the city, Sikh Community serves free food and water to devotees to spread harmony and feeling of oneness amongst people.

Baisakhi is a festival that is symbolic of the efforts of farmers in an agrarian economy like ours and it is a moment to celebrate for all the good things in our lives. It is a festival that reminds us of the traditional rural life values and a glorious legacy left by the legends.

Check Out more Baisakhi Events Near You

Anshika Sehgal is a travelling enthusiast and an avid lover of books and American TV shows.

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